Pulmosis(Pirfenidone)

Therapeutic Group: Anti-fibrinolytic

Presentation

Pulmosis capsule: Each capsule contains Pirfenidone BP 267 mg

Description

Pirfenidone is an anti-fibrotic drug for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). It is assumed that it works by reducing lung fibrosis through down regulation of the production of growth factors and pro-collagen.



IPF is a condition in which the tissues in lungs become swollen and scarred over time and as a result makes it difficult to breathe deeply. This makes it hard for lungs to work properly. Pirfenidone helps to reduce scarring and swolling in the lungs, and helps breathe better.

Indications

Pirfenidone is indicated for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Dosage & Administration

Recommended dosage: The recommended daily maintenance dosage of pirfenidone is

801 mg (three capsules) three times daily taken with food. Doses should be taken at the
same time each day.
Upon initiation of treatment, the daily dosage should be titrated to the full dosage of nine capsules per day over a 14-day period as follows:
Day 1 through 7: 1 Capsule 3 times a day with meals
Day 8 through 14: 2 Capsule 3 times a day with meals
Day 15 onwards : 3 Capsule 3 times a day with meals
Dosages above 2403 mg/day (9 capsules per day) are not recommended for any patient.

Patients who miss 14 or more days of pirfenidone should be re-initiate treatment by undergoing the initial 2 week titration regimen up to full maintenance dosage. For the treatment interruption of less than 14 days, the dosage prior to the interruption can be resumed.

Side Effects

The most common adverse reactions are nausea, rash, abdominal pain, upper respiratory tract infection, diarrhea, fatigue, headache, dyspepsia, dizziness, vomiting, anorexia, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, sinusitis, insomnia, weight decreased, and arthralgia etc.

Precautions

Elevated liver enzymes: ALT, AST, and bilirubin elevations have occurred with Pirfenidone. Monitor ALT, AST and bilirubin before and during treatment. Temporary dosage reductions or discontinuations may be required.
Photosensitivity and rash: Photosensitivity and rash have been noted with Pirfenidone. Avoid exposure to sunlight and sunlamps. Wear sunscreen and protective clothing daily. Temporary dosage reductions or discontinuations may be required.
Gastrointestinal disorder: Gastrointestinal events of nausea, diarrhea, dyspepsia, vomiting, gastro-esophageal reflux disease and abdominal pain are more frequently reported by patients in the treatment with Pirfenidone.

Use in Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy category C. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. It is not known whether it is excreted in human milk.

Use in specific population
No dosage adjustment is required for geriatric patient. Pirfenidone should be used with caution in patients with mild to moderate hepatic and renal impairment. There is no relevent use of Pirfenidone in the paediatric population for the indication of IPF.