Each tablet contains Olmesartan Medoxomil INN 20 mg and Hydrochlorothiazide BP 12.5 mg.
Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic. Thiazides affect the renal tubular mechanisms of electrolyte reabsorption, directly increasing excretion of Sodium and Chloride in approximately equivalent amounts. Indirectly, the diuretic action of Hydrochlorothiazide reduces plasma volume with consequent increases in plasma renin activity, increases Aldosterone secretion & urinary Potassium loss and decreases serum Potassium. The renin-aldosterone link is mediated by angiotensin II. So, co-administration of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist tends to reverse the Potassium loss associated with these diuretics.
The usual starting dose of Xyotil 20 Plus is one tablet once daily. Dosing should be individualized. Depending on the blood pressure response, the dose may be titrated at intervals of 2-4 weeks.
Patients with Renal Impairment:
The usual regimens of therapy with Xyotil 20 Plus may be followed provided the patient\\\\\\\'s creatinine clearance is >30 mL/min. In patients with more severe renal impairment, loop diuretics are preferred to thiazides. So, Xyotil 20 Plus is not recommended.
Patients with Hepatic Impairment:
No dosage adjustment is necessary with hepatic impairment.
- Hyperuricemia may occur in certain patients receiving thiazide therapy.
- Impaired renal function.
No significant drug interactions were reported in studies in which Olmesartan Medoxomil was co-administered with hydrochlorothiazide, digoxin or warfarin in healthy volunteers. Olmesartan Medoxomil is not metabolized by the cytochrome P450 system and has no effects on P450 enzymes; thus, interactions with drugs that inhibit, induce or are metabolized by those enzymes are not expected.
When administered concurrently, the following drugs may interact with Thiazide diuretics:
- Alcohol, Barbiturates or Narcotics - Potentiation of orthostatic hypotension may occur.
- Antidiabetic drugs (oral agents and Insulin) - Dosage adjustment of the antidiabetic drug may be required.
- Other antihypertensive drugs - Additive effect or potentiation.
- Corticosteroids, ACTH.
Limited data are available in regard to over dosage in humans. The most likely manifestation of over dosage would be hypotension and tachycardia. Supportive treatment should be instituted.
The most common signs and symptoms observed are those caused by electrolyte depletion (hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and dehydration) resulting from excessive diuresis. If, digitalis has also been administered, hypokalemia may accentuate cardiac arrhythmias.
Geriatric use: Clinical studies of Olmesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide combination did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious.