Metadaxan Eye/Ear Drops(Dexamethasone)

Therapeutic Group: Ophthalmic

Presentation

Each ml contains Dexamethasone sodium phosphate BP 1 mg.

Description

Dexamethasone belongs to a group of medicines, known as corticosteroids, used for reducing inflammation

Indications

Eye:

• Allergic conjunctivitis

• Acne rosacea

• Superficial punctate keratitis

• Herpes zoster keratitis

• Iritis

• Cyclitis

• Selected infective conjunctivitides

• Injury to the cornea

• Preventing rejection of grafts in the eye

Ear :

Indacated in the steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the external auditory meatus, such as allergic otitis externa, selected purulent and non-purulent infective otitis externa.

Dosage & Administration

Eye:
1 or 2 drops in conjunctival sac.
Severe or acute inflammation: Every 30 to 60 minutes as initial therapy, reducing the dosage when favourable response is observed to every two to four hours. Further reduction may be made to one drop three or four times daily if sufficient to control inflammation.
Chronic inflammation: Every three to six hours, or as necessary.
Allergic inflammation: Every three to four hours until the desired response is obtained.
Ear :
Instill two or three drops to the ear at two or three hours interval.The frequency of dosage and duration of treatment may vary with the type of lession and severity.

Side Effects

The following side effects are common for patients taking Dexamethasone
• Increased appetite
• Insomnia
• Fluid retention
• Heartburn
• Muscle weakness

Precautions

Prolonged use may result in ocular hypertension and/or glaucoma, with damage to the optic nerve, defects in visual acuity, and posterior subcapsular cataract formation.

Use in Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category A.
Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Dexamethasone is administered to a nursing woman.